Tyrtylius' records

Half-halfling, half-elf wizard of the geomancer variety.

Faithfull scribe of the Noldor Calastir, Dark Lord of the Phallic Symbols. Currently living in his tower, trying to manage his household and estate while he searches for a cure for old age for his somnostatic human wife, the warpriestess Zena.

Science

mathemathics, technology, alchemy, anatomy, herbology, mycology, astronomy, geography, maps, language, script

History

history, History of Europe, History of Africa, history of America

Mythology

mythology, mesopotamian mythology, egyptian mythology, greek mythology, celtic mythology, norse mythology, japanese mythology, west-african mythology, gods, mythical creature,

Magic, folklore and ritual

magic, shamanism, runes, tarot,folklore,magical plant, wizards workshop

Arts and crafts

theater, manuscript, illumination, sculpture, jewelry

jeannepompadour:

Detail of a miniature of Apollo killing Ganymede by piercing his eye in a book by Christine de Pizan,  c. 1414

(via medieval)

(via mererecorder)

mererecorder:

[x]

themagicfarawayttree:

Suvannamachha, a hindu mermaid

(via mererecorder)

"Night of the Ammonites", or A moonlit night somewhere near the town of Kremmling, Colorado, seventy-three million years ago, Ray Troll, pen, ink and watercolor, 1998
Top Heavy “Sora”, Nozomu Shibata with Kenta Chujo, raised copper and brass with glass, 2013
Minoan pottery, Crete, 9th to 16th century BC (facsimiles)
"Gamochonia", Scientific illustration by Ernst Haeckel, Art Forms in Nature, 1899–1904
"Contessa with Squid", Omar Rayyan, oil on panel, 2011 (facsimile)

montereybayaquarium:

An Ancient Fascination

Octopuses and their kin, sea creatures known collectively as cephalopods, have grabbed hold of our collective imagination for thousands of years.

We share this fascination as manifested in art, literature and contemporary culture in “Tentacles: The Astounding Lives of Octopuses, Squid and Cuttlefishes.” Highlights include:

  • A steampunk-style sculpture made from raised copper and brass with glass in the Japanese technique called “Tankin.”
  • Ancient Minoan pottery replicas painted with cephalopod designs.
  • An illustration from Jules Verne’s Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
  • A drawing of octopuses attacking a fleet of ships, depicted as fact by a French naturalist in 1803.
  • A highly detailed drawing of cephalopods by famed naturalist Ernst Haeckel.
  • Glass models of squid and octopuses by father-son team of Leopold and Rudolph Blaschka.
  • A replica of the famous abstract work, The Birth of the Cephalopods, by Mark Rothko.
  • A dramatic depiction of a sea of ammonites 73 million years ago.
  • A replica of the intriguing yet slightly disturbing image of Contessa with Squid by Omar Rayyan.
  • Cephalopod tattoo art.

We also commissioned San Francisco Bay Area artist Nemo Gould to create three kinetic sculptures for “Tentacles” using found objects. Gould has transformed a jumble of junk into delightful dioramas that carry conservation messages delivered through a sense of wonderment.

Tentacles" opens April 12.

(via scientificillustration)

heracliteanfire:

Zeevogels en zeevissen, Jan Brandes, 1778 - 1779 (via Rijksmuseum)

(via scientificillustration)

nends:

Claude Aubriet (1665-1742) - Album de coquillages et poissons 

(via rindertjagersma)

house-of-charnel:

coho salmon

(via mererecorder)

art-of-swords:

Did NC Underwater Archaeologists Find Blackbeard The Pirate’s Sword?

Thousands of priceless artifacts have been recovered from the early 1700’s shipwreck in Beaufort Inlet that is widely considered to be the “Queen Anne’s Revenge,” the ship abandoned by Blackbeard the pirate after he ran around in 1708.

The most famous pirate in history, Blackbeard was the scourge of the East Coast and the Caribbean, as he attacked merchant ships, took people hostage, flaunted the law with a band of dangerous men, and died in a blaze of glory not far from Ocracoke Island, North Carolina.

Among those items are gold flakes, pewter plates, eating utensils, pieces of sails, cannons and cannon balls, musket barrels, cannon shrouds, glassware, ceramics, musket balls and shot, ballast stones, the ship’s bell, and thousands of other items.

This past week, divers from North Carolina’s underwater archaeology division raised two thousand pound cannons from the murky depths of the inlet where the wreck is located and will restore them over several years at East Carolina’s lab in Greenville.

However, one find that was recently shown to the media in the past couple of weeks captures the imagination like few of the other pieces, as it represents one of the more iconic pieces of hardware associated with pirates: a sword.

A magnificent remnant of a brass sword hilt (the part where the swordsman would grip the sword) was recently shown to the media at the Beaufort Martitime Museum, which is run by the State of North Carolina.

The amazingly well preserved brass piece survived its almost 300 year stay on the bottom of the water with little corrosion. The hilt has a curled section on each end but in the middle is an amazing piece of art that survived the centuries.

A woman’s face and torso can be seen in the middle of the sword hilt. The beautiful lines seen in the sword are still clearly visible despite the passage of time and exposure to water.

Archaeology curator Lynn Anderson says the woman seen in the sword could possibly be Queen Anne herself, the namesake of Blackbeard’s ship. Edward Teach, or Blackbeard, is reputed to have been a privateer in Queen Anne’s War against the Spanish. When the war ended, the privateer continued his attacks on ships outside of the law, especially when he not only continued as a marauder on ships flying the Spanish flag, but the English flag as well.

Anderson carefully held the sword piece in a piece of fabric held by her gloved hands, as she said that human touch could affect the solid brass metal piece. These type of items are uniquely treasured by the archaeologists.

Although it is believed that most of the Queen Anne’s 40 cannons were left behind when the ship ran aground, such a piece that represents the pirate ship’s arsenal of small arms is rare, as the pirate’s likely took such easy to carry and personal armaments with them when they abandoned ship.

But did the sword belong to Blackbeard personally? It’s certainly hard to say for sure. With the fine craftsmanship seen and the use of brass in addition to regular base metals for the blade that long rusted away, it may have been a treasured weapon used by one of Blackbeard’s crew.

The face on the handle that may be Queen Anne certainly leads one to believe that it may have been created specially for or claimed by someone who fought in her namesake war or was closely associated with her namesake ship.

In an interview with Queen Anne’s Revenge historian Dr. Lindley Butler on Thursday in Beaufort this newspaper had a chance to talk to him about the sword. Dr. Butler was there for the trip to Beaufort Inlet to recover two more of Blackbeard’s cannons from the bottom of the water. 

Why would they leave something like a sword behind? Butler says that when they ran aground and left the ship, the pirates would have grabbed important items like food, gold dust or coins and of course guns, but in their rush to leave, they failed to grab many items.

"As it began to list to port, they’d be breaking out rations," he said.  "There are many personal items that are left."

Interestingly, Dr. Butler said there are drawings from the period showing Blackbeard carrying a sword with the curls on both ends that is very similar to the one found by the Queen Anne’s Revenge divers.

According to Queen Anne’s Revenge curator Lynn Anderson, the sword design was popular back then, so the renditions of Blackbeard could have shown one of thousands of such swords that sport a similar hilt.

Still, the case could be made that the sword could have been used by Blackbeard himself since it was found in the Queen Anne’s Revenge shipwreck. It at least was used by one of his crew and possibly left behind in the rush to get off the foundering boat.

"It could have been, I’m not going to say that for sure," said Dr. Butler.

The world will likely never know for certain, but it’s at least interesting to imagine that a swashbuckling pirate, perhaps Blackbeard himself, wielded the flashy weapon in battle some 300 years ago. It was a time that was perhaps more barbaric, yet perhaps more romantic that continues to yield great tales that tickle the imagination centuries later.

As curator Lynn Anderson held the piece carefully, it’s amazing to think that the legend of Blackbeard lives on in such beautiful pieces of history that somehow survived hundreds of years at the bottom of the water and can be viewed and up close in person.

The sword hilt and other artifacts will be or are already on display at the NC Maritime Museum in Beaufort, North Carolina. The museum is free of charge and has an ongoing display that includes many items from Blackbeard’s ship and educational displays on other aspects of the state’s nautical history. 

Source: © The Raleigh Telegram

Corey Perrine/Staff Chaz "Black Caesar" Maupin of Fort Myers is seen with his elaborate pirate getup during the 8th annual 2013 Pollo Tropico Pirate Fest on Old San Carlos Boulevard Oct. 11, 2013 in F
Taken from the Book Pirates DK eyewitness book
Part of a series of Legendary Pirate Illustrations done in Cross Hatching for a Childrens book.

diasporicroots:

Black Pirates.

During the ‘ Golden Age of Piracy’ Some estimate that nearly 5,000 pirates hunted prey between 1715 and 1726. Of that number, about twenty-five to thirty percent came from the cimarrons, black slaves who ran from their Spanish masters. Other blacks joined after pirates attacked slave ships. For example, when Sam Bellamy and his fellow pirates seized a “Guinea Ship,” twenty-five blacks went on the account. Stede Bonnet’s crew also included former slaves and freemen, and of the eighty sea rovers who followed John Lewis were numbered at least forty blacks from English colonies. Francis Sprigg’s cook was black and entrusted with dividing the spoils equally for the crew.


Not all black pirates were known by name. For example, thirty men escaped enslavement on Saint Thomas and went on the account in August 1699. A mulatto amongst Stede Bonnet’s crew had a confrontation with a white sailor who refused to sign the articles of agreement. After cursing the man, the black pirate wondered “why I did not go to the pump and work among the rest, and told me that was my Business and that I should be used as a Negroe.” (Kinkor, 199) Captain Bonnet overheard the exchange and concurred with the pirate – a man was either a sea rover or a slave, regardless of his color or status.

In his article “Black Men under the Black Flag,” maritime historian Ken Kinkor includes a chart listing various pirate captains and how many blacks were members of their crews. It can be said that the crews of some of the most successful pirates, including Samuel Bellamy and Blackbeard, were largely made up of ex-slaves.

  • Samuel Bellamy (1717) – more than 27 out of 180 men
  • Edward England (1718) – less than 50 out of 180 men
  • Edward Lowther (1724) – 9 out of 23 men
  • Blackbeard (1717) – 60 out of 100; (1718) – 5 out 14
  • Oliver La Bouche (1719) – 32 out of 64 men

These five pirate crews are but a small sampling of those listed, and they indicate these men were active members of the crew. Sometimes, they were the most fearsome and most trusted of the pirates, the men who boarded prizes first. They did not, however, always receive the same punishment as other pirates when captured. Whereas their comrades often went to the gallows, black pirates were often returned to the men who owned them, or they were sold into slavery. This was the fate of John Julian, a Miskito Indian, after he survived the wrecking of The Whydah Galley. Rather than try him for piracy, he became the property of John Quincy of Braintree

For example:

Black Caesar (died 1718) perhaps one most famous pirates of African descent The story goes that he is one of the only pirates that didn’t spill his guts when captured.  For nearly a decade, he raided shipping from the Florida Keys and later served as one of Captain Blackbeard’s chief lieutenants aboard the Queen Anne’s Revenge. He was one of the surviving members of Blackbeard’s crew following his death at the hands of Lieutenant Robert Maynard in 1718. Caesar’s Rock, one of three islands located north of Key Largo, is the present-day site of his original headquarters and named in his honor.

Henri CaesarHaitian slave (Also known as Black Caeser)

Assisted in the removal of slave holders alongside L’Ouverture and his followers during the haitain revolution .Later, Caesar and his men took over a Spanish ship moored offshore, and thus became pirates in the Caribbean (much unlike Johnny Depp’s Captain Jack Sparrow in the “Pirates of the Caribbean” franchise movies). When things got too dangerous in his native waters, he took off for the Florida Keys.

Now, he is said to haunt Key Largo and is apparently an honored guest at the Key Largo Piratesfest.

Other black pirates worth mentioning are James Black, Thomas Gates, Richard Stiles, and James White, and Hendrick Quintor.

Source 1: http://www.cindyvallar.com/blackpirates.html

Source 2: http://www.largeup.com/2011/05/25/burning-looting-top-10-actual-pirates-of-the-caribbean/

Source 3: http://thepioneerwoman.com/homeschooling/2011/01/real-pirates-of-the-caribbean/

themarysue:

fullofwhoa:

goddessofcheese:

brofligate:

did-you-kno:

Source

There is literally nothing better than a sexy, badass lady.

CHING MOTHERFUCKING SHIH

This lady was such a badass, I can’t count the ways, but let’s try.

She got married to an already successful pirate, Zheng Yi, and took over when he died. She was crazy strict to keep an iron fist over her fleet of pirates, and the punishments for stepping out of line were brutal. If you stole or looted from a town that provided assistance or tribute to the pirate fleet, Ching would chop your fucking head off with a battle axe and dump your lifeless body in the ocean.  If you stole from the pirate treasury, or she thought you were stealing from the pirate treasury, Ching would chop your fucking head off dump your lifeless body in the ocean.  Raping any captured female prisoners was punishable by immediate death.  Fuck, if you had consensual sex while on duty you got your head chopped off and the woman was chucked off the boat no matter where they were at.  Ching wasn’t fucking around, and she wanted to make damn sure you weren’t fucking around when you should have been working.

Two years after she took over, she got so notorious for ransacking towns and taking taxes on them that she pissed off the entire Chinese government, and sent out a massive fleet to bring her in line. Most pirates probably would’ve said this was out of their pay grade and taken off to hide out or ransack some other country.

Ching Shih said fuck that.

She not only faced them head on, she wiped the floor with them, killing hundreds and capturing sixty-something ships from the Imperial Fleet. Prisoners were given the choice of joining up or being executed on the spot. The Admiral of the Chinese navy, Kwo Lang, was so afraid of being captured by her or going back to admit he’d been beaten by her that he committed suicide.

For the next two years, Ching Shih not only kept on pirating, she fought off Chinese forces as well as Dutch and British warships that the navy called in to help. Finally the government gave up and offered her amnesty as well as amnesty for her then SEVENTEEN THOUSAND crewman. Ching Shih got to keep all her plunder, so she retired to the countryside where she opened up a brothel and lived until she was 69.

tldr: I’ve come to terms with the reality that I’ll never be as terrifyingly badass as this woman was.

This woman needs a badass big budget movie, asap

She also appeared in the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise

animatedamerican:

mildlyamused:

Another day, another kick ass woman from history who is sadly lacking her own movie franchise.

Source

but nah, women never did anything interesting or exciting in the Old Days

(via krakensdottir)

themightyglamazon:

gehayi:

queenofeden:

perplexingly:

Daughter of a gun (ノ´ヮ´)ノ*:・゚✧ No idea if such a thing existed but surely there had to be girls born on board in the Age of Sail?

*puts on obnoxious historian hat*

*clears throat*

there were actually tons of women and girls on board ships during the age of sail and it’s really cool history that no one!!! ever!!! talks about!!! 

like captains of merchant ships used to bring their wives and children on board for long voyages all the time (and of course there were plenty of well known female pirate ship captains, and women cross-dressing as men, and prostitutes that more people seem to know of)

there’s actually a really amazing story of one woman, Mary Ann Patten who was the wife of the captain of this ship called Neptune’s Car. Captain Patten decided that he wanted her onboard with him and she was super about this and learned all about navigation and sailing and everything. so this one voyage they’re going around the tip of south america when her husband gets sick and is bed ridden with a fever right as the ship sails into one of the worst storms any of the crew had ever seen and it looks like they might lose the ship or have to stop

so you know who takes over??? the first mate??? 

no.

MARY

she took over the whole crew and sailed that ship through freezing water and pack ice and had it coasting smoothly into the san francisco harbour like it was nothing. and she did this all at age 19. while pregnant.

at one point the first mate tried to get the crew to mutiny against her but they all rallied with her and told him to shut the heck up because she obv knew what she was doing.

there’s a great book about women in the age of sail called ‘female tars’ by suzanne stark that i cannot recommend enough and has way more amazing stories and insights about the myriad roles women and girls played aboard ship during that time period.

(sorry i totally didn’t mean to hijack your post i love all of your art and this is gorgeous i just got over excited sorry sorry sorry)

We need links!

Female Tars: Women Aboard Ship in the Age of Sail by Suzanne Stark

Hen Frigates: Passion and Peril, Nineteenth-Century Women at Sea by Joan Druett

Hen Frigates: Wives of Merchant Captains Under Sail by Joan Druett

Iron Men, Wooden Women: Gender and Seafaring in the Atlantic World, 1700-1920 edited by Margaret S. Creighton and Lisa Norling

Petticoat Whalers: Whaling Wives at Sea, 1820-1920 by Joan Druett

Sea Queens: Women Pirates Around the World by Jane Yolen

Seafaring Women: Pirate Queens, Female Stowaways and Sailors’ Wives by David Cordingly

The Captain’s Best Mate: The Journal of Mary Chipman Lawrence on the Whaler Addison, 1856-1860 by Mary Chipman Lawrence

Women Sailors and Sailors’ Women: An Untold Maritime History by David Cordingly

I’M GONNA GET A LIBRARY CARD AS SOON AS I GET AN APARTMENT AND READ LITERALLY ALL OF THESE AND WEEP TEARS OF PROUD SISTERHOOD

(via krakensdottir)

maptitude1:

This map shows the most common surnames in European countries (I’m not sure why a few are missing…)

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