Half-halfling, half-elf wizard of the geomancer variety.
Faithfull scribe of the Noldor Calastir, Dark Lord of the Phallic Symbols. Currently living in his tower, trying to manage his household and estate while he searches for a cure for old age for his somnostatic human wife, the warpriestess Zena.
Like the iPad, this scientific book from 1678 has a smart cover. The front of the sheepskin bookbinding is not filled with blind-stamped decoration, as was often the case, but a printed sundial was pasted on it. Put the book in the sun, place a stylus on the cover, and it will tell you what time it is. What’s more, it was likely used in this fashion given that the ‘footprint’ of the stylus is still visible - note the small circle and the black stain near the letters IHS. A book that tells the time: the smart cover is not the only parallel with our modern iPad!
Pic: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Broxb. 46.10 (1678). More information: about this type of sundial here; more about this book here. Also check out this Tumblr post about a sundial “pocket watch” from the 17th century.
These pages are part of a medieval surgical manual written by the 14th-century surgeon Jan Yperman. It describes in detail how to treat various wounds and illnesses. So far so good. It also shows, however, what instruments needed to be used. For a compound fracture of the leg, for example, the jagged-edged scissors in the top image were recommended. And each incision came with its own curly knife on a stick, of course - as shown in the lower image. What’s more, this book-knowledge was by no means theoretical. The book’s dimensions, which is about the size of an iPhone, suggests it was carried around by a 15th-century surgeon on his way to his patients. Break a leg. Or rather, better not.
Pic: Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, MS 3094 (1475-1500). More about the manuscript here.
The Elephant Clock: Leaf fromThe Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices by al–Jazari (1136-1206 Turkey), copyist: Farkh ibn Abd al–Latif, a rare Syrian illuminated manuscript. 1315 AD. Period: Mamluk.
Professor of Clinical Surgery at the Paris Medical Faculty, French surgeon and anatomist Alfred Velpeau prepares to dissect a cadaver in front of a group of eager onlookers. 'La Leçon d'anatomie de Velpeau à la Charité' by François Nicolas Augustin Feyen-Perrin, 1864.
'The Anatomy of Dr Willem Roell' This oil painting shows the officers of the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons in 1728 with their anatomy lecturer, Willem Röell, dissecting the knee-joint. By BF Landis after Cornelis Troost, 1909-1910.
Anatomical figures of a male and a female with removable chest and abdomen covers. Some religious restrictions on dissection were lifted in the 15th century, which led to the wider study of anatomy, using models like these as extra teaching aids. Both figures show the heart and lungs, one shows a pregnant female with a baby in the uterus, and the other shows the kidney and intestines in a male.